June 21, 2016

Paper Request

This paper contains a brief discussion on the factors that necessitate sustainable ship designs, the measures in place to ensure sustainability of designs, a designer’s approach towards such designs, and the need for consideration of recycling during ship design.

Antony Prince, President & CEO, Smart Engineering & Design Solutions Ltd.

India is expected to grow at a rate of more than 6% over the next two decades [1]. A growing economy requires increasing quantities of fuel to satisfy its energy needs. Natural gas is expected to take up a noteworthy share of the total energy consumption in India. Pipelines are the arteries of our gas distribution system. They are reliable, versatile, and justify economies of scale in the long term. Together with regasification facilities, they significantly contribute in fuelling the Indian growth story. However, experts in the industry predict a significant gap to be formed between the demand for gas infrastructure and its development. Investment decisions, market volatility and safety concerns are among the reasons. In light of the Government efforts to improve the connectivity between different modes of transport, an alternate multi-modal transport system consisting of coastal ships, inland barges, trucks and trains is envisaged to support the pipeline network for gas transport. The idea is not to develop a parallel system to pipelines, but to complement the network for reliability, supplement the network for surge in demands, and to substitute the network where pipelines are not viable. Intermodal transport of LNG has several advantages including lower investment, greater flexibility, optimal redundancy and faster implementation. Intermodal transport can also develop the gas market by adding smaller consumers, who are otherwise unconnected to pipeline networks. Instead of relying on a single mode of transportation, we need to think about diversifying the gas infrastructure for our own strategic interest. The article explores the advantages of inter-modal transport of LNG, discusses about the economics and government policies favoring this option, and concludes with a case study on using barges to supply LNG to the NTPC plant at Kayamkulam, Kerala.

P Hariraj and Vivek Ramanath, Smart Engineering & Design Solutions Ltd. India




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